Constitution Rankings

This is a complete table of constitutional ranking statistics from every current constitution surveyed by the CCP. See the CCP Indices for a description of each index. Click on the column header labels to re-sort by that column. Use your browser’s in-page search function (Ctrl+F or command+F) to locate specific details within the results table.

CCP Indices

Scope — This is drawn from Elkins, Ginsburg and Melton, The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009). It measures the percentage of 701 major topics from the CCP survey that are included in any given constitution.

Length (in Words) — This is simply a report of the total number of words in the constitution as measured by Microsoft Word.

Executive Power — This is an additive index drawn from a working paper, Constitutional Constraints on Executive Lawmaking. The index ranges from 0-7 and captures the presence or absence of seven important aspects of executive lawmaking: (1) the power to initiate legislation; (2) the power to issue decrees; (3) the power to initiate constitutional amendments; (4) the power to declare states of emergency; (5) veto power; (6) the power to challenge the constitutionality of legislation; and (7) the power to dissolve the legislature. The index score indicates the total number of these powers given to any national executive (president, prime minister, or assigned to the government) as a whole.

Legislative Power — This captures the formal degree of power assigned to the legislature by the constitution. The indicator is drawn from Elkins, Ginsburg and Melton, The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009), in which we created a set of binary CCP variables to match the 32-item survey developed by M. Steven Fish and Mathew Kroenig in The Handbook of National Legislatures: A Global Survey (Cambridge University Press, 2009). The index score is simply the mean of the 32 binary elements, with higher numbers indicating more legislative power and lower numbers indicating less legislative power.

Judicial Independence — This index is drawn from a paper by Ginsburg and Melton, Does De Jure Judicial Independence Really Matter? A Reevaluation of Explanations for Judicial Independence. It is an additive index ranging from 0-6 that captures the constitutional presence or absence of six features thought to enhance judicial independence. The six features are: (1) whether the constitution contains an explicit statement of judicial independence; (2) whether the constitution provides that judges have lifetime appointments; (3) whether appointments to the highest court involve either ajudicial council or two (or more) actors; (4) whether removal is prohibited or limited so that it requires the proposal of a supermajority vote in the legislature, or if only the public or judicial council can propose removal and another political actor is required to approve such a proposal; (5) whether removal explicitly limited to crimes and other issues of misconduct, treason, or violations of the constitution; and (6) whether judicial salaries are protected from reduction.

Number of Rights — In our ongoing book project on human rights, we analyze a set of 1172 different rights found in national constitutions. The rights index indicates the number of these rights found in any particular constitution.
Last Updated: April 8, 2016

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1 For a full list of variables used in the scope index, see Table A.2 of The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009).
2 See the full list of variables in the rights index here.